Show MoreOver the years English inarguably has reached a status of a global language and commonly is characterized as a lingua franca. It has become the language that is spoken by millions of people all over the world; as the mother tongue, as the language used for international communication and as the language learned in the millions of schools.
Why has particularly English as a language become a global language? Researching this topic, answers to this question can be found in a global power the British Empire and the USA had during the history, especially since World War II (David Crystal, English as a Global Language, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2003). Most of the improvements which are essential for the mankind have their roots…show more content…
Diversity of many cultures and their languages define the beauty and national pride of one country and then any changes and modifications of the language affect its structure. It is commonly said that a language of a country equals its identity.
Moreover, fluency in English has become important in business world because investors prefer negotiating and closing deals in English which leads to unfair treatment to non-speaking English companies who need hiring interpreters. Internet communication is mainly in English because Internet was born in the USA so that is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that some of the most successful companies like MasterCard, Sony and Kodak don’t have internet pages in many languages. In that case, their pages turn into short presentation in certain language. According to their Internet pages, knowing English means getting more information on Internet and it creates walls within the cultures because it limits people regarding they speak, read and write in English or not. On the other hand, becoming a global language has its positive effects. Despite so many cultures, languages and limitations, human’s innate need is to connect with other people; curiosity and desire to acquaint something different lead us to other cultures and then appears a problem connected to a language issue. Here comes the solution and that is English as a global language.
Crystal begin “ English as a Global Language” by asking what means for a language to be global ,and what the advantages and disadvantages of having a global language. There is no official definition of “global” or “world” language, but it essentially refers to a language that is learned and spoken internationally, and is characterized not onlty by number of its native and second language speakers, but also by its geographical distribution, and its use in international organizations and in diplomatic relations. A global language acts as a lingua franca a common language that enables people from diverse backgrounds and ethnicities to communicate on a more or less equitable basis. Why a language became a global language is because of the power of the people who speak it . It’s nothing to do with the structure of the language it’s nothing about English grammar or vocabulary or pronunciation, your spelling, that makes English an appealing language at a global level.
In fact if we think about English spelling would put most people off, so it’s nothing to do with the structure of language, no it’s all to do with power. But power means different things to different times. English first became international because of Political Power, Military power the British Empire. It is not just political that takes a language around the world economy and other factors too. In sixteenth- seventeenth century we had the power of Science and technology, Industrial Revolution and English the language of science.
But there was another important power in those times apart from science, technology and industry, it was the media, the media are the center of everyone’s life. English was the first language that been transmitted by radio in USA on Christmas EVE 1906. In the cinema industry, when sounds where add to the images in the late 1920s, it was the English language which suddenly came to dominate the movie word. The recorded industry was the other entertained industry which emerged 19 century all recording of pop music had English language origins.